Programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1)
Programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1; CD279; PDCD1) is a 288 amino acid (aa) type I transmembrane protein expressed on T cells, B cells, natural killer T cells, activated monocytes, and dendritic cells (1). PD-1 belongs to the CD28 family of receptors and contains two tyrosine-based signaling motifs: a tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM) and an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based switch motif (ITSM) (2) (1). PD-1 has two known ligands, PD-L1 (B7-H1; CD274) and PD-L2 (B7-DC; CD273), members of B7 family (1) (2). Engagement of PD-1 by its ligands leads to the inhibition of T cell receptor-mediated lymphocyte proliferation and cytokine secretion which leads to exhaustion and apoptosis of tumor-specific T cells (3). Therefore PD-1 plays critical roles in the regulation of autoimmunity, tumor immunity, infectious immunity, transplantation immunity, allergy and immune privilege (4).
- Riella LV et al. Role of the PD-1 Pathway in the Immune Response. American Journal of Transplantation. 2012, 12, pp. 2575–2587.
- Chen L and Flies DB. Molecular mechanisms of T cell co-stimulation and co-inhibition. Nature Reviews Immunology. 2013, Vol. 13, 4, pp. 227-242.
- Freeman GJ et al. Engagement of the PD-1 Immunoinhibitory Receptor by a Novel B7 Family Member Leads to Negative Regulation of Lymphocyte Activation. Journal of Experimental Medicine. 2000, Vol. 192, 7, pp. 1027-1034.
- Okazaki T and Honjo T. PD-1 and PD-1 ligands: from discovery to clinical application. International Immunology. 2007, Vol. 19, 7, pp. 813–824
MQIP – secretion signal sequence
CSRAAR – intracellular domain
PGWFL – ectodomain
C — C – disulfide bond
VGVVG – transmembrane domain
N – glycosylation site
|Cat number||Protein construct||Tag||Expression Host||Order|
|R1-001-1||PD-1 ECD (25-167)||Fc-tag||CHO K1||Order|
|R1-001-1a||PD-1 ECD (25-167)||Tag free||CHO K1||Order|
|R1-001-2||PD-1 ECD (25-167)||His-tag, Fc-tag||CHO K1||Order|
|R1-001-2a||PD-1 ECD (25-167)||His-tag||CHO K1||Order|
|R1-001-3||PD-1 ECD (34-150)||Tag free||E. coli||Order|
|R1-001-3.1 (15N)||PD-1 ECD (34-150)||Tag free||E. coli||Order|